Business players are invited to collaborate with our young scientists, presented below. An active component of EEII implementation consists in coaching 9 selected scientists in getting ready for the market. This project component is to prove generated knowledge and identified tools. Scientists come from Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. Challenge for the EEII team: for at least 5 of them it is promised to find potential business partners/investors who will continue and strengthen collaboration after the DSPF project is ended.
Selection of the 9 scientists was based on an open call. This is a great opportunity for researchers to be introduced to companies and thus to see their ideas, projects or prototypes put in practice at a higher level in order to improve technologies or processes. For companies, it is a great opportunity to support Early Innovators and to get access to their creative solutions.
Non-invasive detection of diabetic retinopathy in medical images
Diabetic retinopathy represents a medical condition that occurs in the retina and is one of the leading causes for blindness. Because retinal medical imaging has a vital role its early detection I propose a model for an accurate retinal vessel edge detection that will give the medical staff time and information to detect and treat this affection. My idea is going to take the images acquired and thru a series of processing steps will generate a retinal vascular map. Furthermore, a series of edge detection operators are applied. Because of the limitations of present-day operators, the resulting edge maps usually display local discontinuities in the edge chains, thus, it is required to improve the edge maps quality, and this can be done using image fusion techniques with the aim of improving the edge maps quality. The proposed fusion technique can overcome the drawbacks of simple edge detection methods and provided a more accurate vascular map of the retinal images, thus giving us a more complete picture of the human retina and its abnormalities, and in this way helping to detect various disorders, like diabetic retinopathy.
Software Offshoring in automotive companies
In a global environment, the economic balance for every automotive company needs to be carefully adjusted. Because it is a global market, so the competition is very strong, firms are looking at every aspect of the process and try to improve it so it can add more value to the final product. Every company wants to be competitive on the market. In the automotive industry, where the companies try to get the best price for the best quality, they have the same objective. Especially in the last two decades, the pressure is rising on the costs of the producers, who, in order to have bigger slice of the market, must think about solutions. Since the automotive companies invest in the Research and Development (R&D) projects, in order to obtain a competitive and an increased quality of the product or costs advantages, the money must be carefully spent. Especially when this investment is made abroad, a quality framework must be available so that the quality obtained is at the desired level. One solution is offshoring. But what does offshoring implies? What should or shouldn’t be off shored? What strategy and objective should be set?
Data is becoming more and more valuable. Also, skills and opportunities for retrieving different types of data are evolving extremely fast. Unauthorized, careless or ignorant processing of data can cause great harm to persons and to companies. With this project we want to use a mini car which has two servomotors and an ultrasonic sensor placed on it and will scan the environment where is placed, send data to computer, and after processing them, draw the Radar in real-time and after a revolution (360 turn), save the previous Radar and draw the new one. After all of these, encode the data and hide them into an image. For example if you send just the encode data and someone observed this data transfer, will find out that you transferred an encoded data. But, if you hide the encoded data into an image, will never find out what you did and just think you sent a photo for someone else.
Nowadays, there are millions and millions of blind people throughout the whole world, whose mobility is severely affected by this deficiency and who strongly feel the uncertainty of moving safely. At the current moment, the only object used to help the blind people to move is the special white walking stick that requires a horizontal and vertical movement to detect any obstacles and avoid them. This ‘orientation’ means, also has some drawbacks in increasing the duration of the movement, due to the time required to move the stick horizontally and vertically. Also, there can be the risk that some small objects will not be detected. Modern technology provides us with the necessary means and processes to design and build devices that can help visually impaired people to walk safer on the streets. The ‘ShoesEye’ project is a way of adapting the footware to be used by blind people for safe movement by acoustic signaling of obstacles and surface level differences.
Nadiya Kastrovska, Ukraine
AR – Guide
The AR-guide will allow anyone to quickly access information about a specific place, monument or building without having to search it through different search engines. And since the information will be provided interactively, namely in the form of story of the virtual guide, then it will not be necessary to read interesting facts in the long text. Also, due to the peculiarities of the software structure, the application can also be used by people with hearing impairments, since it is possible to implement a sign language. This allows you to reach even more audiences. The benefits of the suggested technology are the following: availability, easy use, offline work, independence from guides, groups of tourists, etc., social focus and use of existing infrastructure.
Henrietta Ban, Ukraine
Remote monitoring system with elements of augmented reality
Firefighter’s work has a lot of dangerous factors: high temperatures, poor visibility, possibility of explosion, falling from height, loss of orientation, working in an unknown area. In order to solve this problem, we have designed а remote monitoring system with elements of augmented reality. The system comprises 3 modules. Module №1 – Designed for defining vital activity parameters and is fixed on the firefighter’s chest. Module №2 – Central control unit. It comprises the central processor, Wi-Fi module and system of information storage. All the obtained data are transmitted through the radio channel and are recorded to the SD-card that performs the function of the so-called “blackbox”. Module №3 is integrated into the firefighter’s helmet. It contains 3 types of light sensors, temperature, pressure and humidity sensors, pyroelectric distant thermometer. Besides, the helmet contains video surveillance system with radio channel. Remote observer will be able to see and direct the firefighter’s actions. Additional information can be displayed in firefighter’s sight line: plan of the premises; escape route; colleagues position; arrangement of fire hydrants and main releases.
Olha Bilak, Ukraine
Compositions of essential oils with wide range of antimicrobial activity
The dominant position in the structure of paradontium inflammatory diseases is occupied by the representatives of the optional microbiota of the oral cavity. Bacteria of Streptococcus, Staphylococcus families, microscopic fungi of Candida family serve as inflammatory processes etiological factor. These processes are characterized by long-term persistence and antimicrobial drug resistance. In this respect essential oils draw special attention as they possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties and are widely used in medicine, cosmetology, food industry. However, action of essential oils is often characterized by a narrow coverage. The issue is settled by means of producing essential oils compositions, that have a wide range of antimicrobial activity coverage as to the isolates, that are characterized by multiple antimicrobial resistance. Essential oils compositions can be used as a separate product (in aromatherapy) or as a constituent part of hygienic and medicated products (gel, ointment, toothpaste, rinse).
EEII Proposal- UA8
Volodymyr Drahanchuk, Ukraine
Autonomous Injection Module Device
The task was to create the autonomous injection module device which is aimed at saving people’s life. It is designed to inject medicine in case of emergency situation when person is unable to help themselves. That is why the purpose of the autonomous injection module device is to inject medicine depending on the person’s vital parameters without the participation of the device carrier, gaining by means of this enough time to save the sufferer. Due to the modularity of the device, it can be much more functional and much more reliable than one common device. Modularity simplifies maintenance and use of the device because it allows to split it into separate mechanisms and parts. Use – device’s range of use is very wide starting with people who is fond of adventure sports, ill people who need periodical medicine injection, to the soldiers who are at risk of being injured.